In The Siege of Mecca, acclaimed journalist Yaroslav Trofimov pulls back the curtain on a thrilling, pivotal, and overlooked episode of modern history. The terrorist siege of the Grand Mosque at. Mecca in Saudi Arabia between November. 20 and December 4, has been relegated to a footnote in the. PDF | It is recommended that all victims and those affected through the I was very anxious to read Yaroslav Trofimov's THE SIEGE OF MECCA, published by.
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The Siege of Mecca: The Forgotten Uprising in Islam's Holiest Shrine and the Birth of al-Qaeda [Yaroslav Trofimov] on rattribillvordo.tk *FREE* shipping on. In The Siege of Mecca, acclaimed journalist Yaroslav Trofimov pulls back the curtain on a thrilling, pivotal, and overlooked episode of modern history, examining. The siege of the Grand Mosque at Mecca by Juhayman al-Utaybi is one of the most mecca/pdf/_29Novpdf (accessed September 1, ).
The gunmen occupying the Mosque included a number of African-American converts to Islam. Retired American military personnel were employed flying Saudi helicopters above the Mosque in support of the mission in Mecca.
And the CIA provided tear gas and advice on the ground.
At the end, however, it was the role of the French commandos that proved decisive in the final assault on the shrine. Q: What does it teach us about our current conflict with Al Qaeda? In part because of this zeal, they managed to stave off the entire Saudi military for two weeks. This zeal also managed to unite people of disparate nationalities. Q: How hard was it for you to get into Saudi Arabia to research this book, and how difficult was it to report within Saudi Arabia?
I received my first visa for researching this book by sheer coincidence—somehow I was invited to attend an economic conference in Jeddah.
The visa was valid for seven days, and I managed to skip my minders on the first day, and spent all this time reporting to gain an extra day, I chose a flight that arrived shortly after midnight on the first day, and left on a flight just before midnight on the seventh.
The rise of Islam against the Pagan tribes of Mecca was a vital development in military history, as well as in the history of religion and society. The Prophet Muhammad was a skilled war leader as well as the founder of a faith, and at Badr his religion was spread by the sword.
In Muhammad and his followers had emigrated from Mecca to Medina. From his new base Muhammad began raiding Meccan caravan routes. The battle proper started with an exchange of volleys of arrows, resulting in heavier casualties being suffered by the Meccan army.
Muhammad gave the order to charge, throwing stones at his enemies in a traditional Arabic gesture. The armies involved were not large: fewer than Muslims and around 1, Meccan fighters. Yaroslav Trofimov now penetrates this v eil of silence, interviewing for the first time scores of direct participants in the siege, including former terrorists, and drawing on hundreds of documents th at had been declassified on his request.
Editorial ReviewsFrom Publishers Weekly Trofimov, a Wall Street Journal writer and observer of the Muslim world Faith a t War , tackles an incident unreported in the West: the violent takeover of Isla m s holiest shrine by Muslim fundamentalists in Carrying out his investiga tions in one of the world s most closed societies, Trofimov has crafted a compel ling historical narrative, blending messianic theology with righteous violence, and the Saudi state s sclerotic corruption with the complicity of the official r eligious institutions.
Trofimov aptly points out endemic regional problems with enduring repercussions for fighting terror, but is hampered by his sensationalis t style The world was twelve months away from the tumultuous events that would cover the mosque s marble courtyard with blood, spilled guts and severed limbs. In , the Saudi intelligence services apparently had no accurate blueprints of the Grand Mosque, and knew nothing of the underground labyrinth where many of the militants took shelter; they eventually received plans to the site from Osa ma bin Laden s older brother.
Ringleader Juhayman and his followers have inspire d al-Qaeda and countless other Islamic revivalist movements to ever greater acts of violence, even though they were mesmerized by their limited understanding of an obscurantist theology and were convinced that that one of their unassuming m embers was the Messiah.
Casual readers will be well served by this introduction to Muslim fundamentalist terrorism. All rights reserved. Packed with vivid, previou sly undisclosed details, it illuminates a little-known hostage crisis in the clo sed-off heart of the Muslim world that helped give rise to Al Qaeda.
Once I star ted reading, I couldn t put the book down. It is, rather, the terrifying bundle of contradictions otherwise known as the Kingdom of Saudi Arabia.
The most formative event in the modern history of this secretive and at times morally disgusting petrocracy is vivisected by Tr ofimov to unsettling effect, and he reminds us of why anything that has happened or will happen there is a matter of great concern to the world.
Tom Bissell, author of God Lives in St. This is without question, an important event not only in contemporary Islam, but for the world too, and y et it is one that has been ignored these past few decades.
He emphasizes the close, centuries-old ties between the al-Saud f amily and Wahhabi clerics, reminding us of an early 19th Century Saudi-led effor t to conquer the entire Arabian peninsula, hoping to transform it into a Wahhabi Islamic state; an attempt defeated only by an Egyptian military force acting on behalf of the Ottoman Sultan, after more than five years of bloody warfare The Saudi ruler was finally captured, taken to Constantinople, and beheaded there a midst "fireworks and a public celebration".
A century later, the Saudis were f ar more successful in their religiously-motivated desire for empire-building, im posing upon their newly conquered domains, a strict adherence to Wahhabi Sunni I slam, cleverly using a crack troop of fanatical Wahhabis, the Ikwan, to lead the conquest of much of Arabia from the early s to the late s.
Eventually, however, the Ikwan revolted against the Saudis, appalled by the king s embrace o f Western beliefs and technology, such as telephones, only to be crushed decisiv ely at the March battle of Sbala. Through Juhayman s eyes, Trofimov traces the rise of radical Islamist movements throughout the Middle East, especially Egypt, from the s through s. Juha yman acquires his devout, fanatical adherence to Wahhabism via service as a memb er of the Saudi National Guard.
Eventually he s influenced strongly by the chari smatic blind cleric Bin Baz; the arch foe of Saudi Arabia s incessant rush towar ds modernization, criticizing sales of cigarettes, displaying portraits of the r oyal family in public buildings, and, in particular, the emerging emancipation o f Saudi women. But Juhayman would go much further than Bin Baz, by criticizing t he very existence of the Saudi kingdom in a religious manifesto smuggled out of the country, and published in neighboring Kuwait.
H e would smuggle arms and munitions into the Grand Mosque, drawing elaborate plan s for its seizure at the dawn of the new century; plans which nearly resulted in success. Trofimov demonstrates that not just the Saudi ruling family, but the West, too, was caught completely off guard by Juhayman s seizure of the Grand Mosque.
While some of this was attributable to a strict ban against non-Muslims entering Mecc a itself; another, equally compelling, reason was the ongoing hostage crisis at the United States Embassy in Teheran, Iran Erroneously, at first, Iran was thou ght to have been the foreign power responsible for the siege itself.
A bloody comedy of errors ensues, as ill-equipped Saudi troops try storming the mosque, o nly to be mowed down by superior weaponry possessed by Juhayman and his band of militants A band that includes Afro-Americans with military training.
Last, but not least, at the Saudi family s urging, France sends an elite t eam of anti-terrorist commandos and tear gas; it is this team that directs the f inal, successful assault upon the mosque. Eskildson "Pragmatist" Phoenix, AZ.
November 20, was the first day of Islam s year , and the beginning of t he third week of the Iranian hostage situation.